In this article that I wrote last year on teaching and learning in a coven, I explored the ways in which people learn in a coven setting. I sought to show how diversity can be accommodated, and people can learn from each other as much as from the teacher.
This method of learning is generally applicable. I learnt it from my teacher training course, and have seen it applied more generally in all sorts of teaching and training situations.
It is especially useful for small group settings where you are discussing the kind of issue that has no single right answer, but where multiple perspectives on it are useful and worth sharing.
The zone of proximal development is the idea that there are some things the learner can do unaided (that they already know how to do); some things that they can do with guidance; and some that they cannot do. ... The teacher and the student build a bridge between them so they can exchange ideas and knowledge and skills. But it is important to note that the teacher can also learn from the student. This means that learning is a collaborative process between the teacher and the learner. It is not the case that the learner is an empty bucket that the teacher fills up with facts; rather, the teacher and the learner discover and elaborate the existing skills of the learner (and the learner may also be able to teach the teacher a thing or two).